First Aid - ScoutHelp

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Remember! Your may not be medically trained or qualified!

A first aider is someone who arrives on the scene of the injury. They have some knowledge of saving lives in an emergency and who to prevent injury to there shelf and other around. They would be in control of the situation until a professional arrives on the scene.

The scout association has a procedure for the first aider to follow in the event of a accident: 1) Remain calm do not put yourself in danger 2) Assess the situation; stop, look and listen 3) Give the best first aid you can and put them in a safe position lying down or sitting. 4) Consult a doctor or medic for better information 5) Get assistance at the earliest point 6) Keep a written record of any important information

There are many other ways of remembering what to do in an emergency like DR.ABC.

  • Danger: Check for danger that could put yourself or the injured persons life at risk
  • Response: Check for a response while walking towards the person
  • Airways: Check there airways are clear
  • Breathing: Check there breathing
  • Circulation: Check there circulation


Mouth to Mouth

Mouth to mouth or more commonly know as the kiss of life.

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Cuts And Grazes

  • To safely control the bleeding and stop infections you should:
  • Sit with casualty down and temporarily protect the wound
  • Wash hands * Rinse wound under running water
  • Get the casualty to spit out any excess fluid swallowing may cause dizziness

Insect bites and stings

Most bites and stings only cause temporary discomfort but some people me react more badly towards them!

  • If there is a sting left in the skin then try and remove it without squeezing it because this will extract more poison.
  • Apply cold object to area to stop pain and swelling * If it starts to bleed apply pressure to the area

Nose Bleed

  • Sit the casualty down.
  • Get the casualty to pinch the soft part of their noise, with their head tilted forward slightly for 10 minutes.
  • Instruct the casualty to breath out of their mouth instead of their nose.
  • Get the casualty to spit out any excess fluid - swallowing this may cause dizziness.
  • Check to see if the bleeding has stopped after 10 minutes.
  • Stopped? - Advise casualty to not touch or blow their nose for several hours afterwards.
  • Not Stopped? - Repeat for a further 2 cycles if necessary (i.e. hold 10 mins and check; hold 10 mins and check.) If the bleeding has not stopped after 30 minutes, send the casualty to hospital.

Burns and Scalds

  • Cool down affected area by running under cold water for at least 10 minutes.

If it is still painful after 10 minutes, continue running under cold water. If running the affected part under a tap is not possible, a bucket of clean cold water is better than nothing.

  • Remove any jewellery (including watches) and tight clothing that isn't stuck to the skin.

If clothing is stuck to the skin, do not try to remove it.

  • Wrap the affected part with non-adherent dressing if possible.

(something that won't stick to it) such as cling film, tin foil, a clean plastic carrier bag. Do not use a towel or anything fluffy as this will stick to the skin. over the top loosely

  • If a blister forms - do NOT burst it.
  • If the burn is larger than the palm of your hand, seek medical attention.
  • Watch for symptoms of shock and be prepared to treat them.

Symptoms include paleness, cold clammy skin and profuse sweating.

More First Aid Advice